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Consultants from the Orthopaedic Section, Education Section, APTA, and AAOMPT creates the Manipulation Education Manual (MEM).  The group of consultants includes Joe Farrell, Bill Boissonnault and Steve McDavitt.  Educators, clinicians, and legislation experts formulate a national plan to combat chiropractic attacks and the MEM is used as guidelines for content in manipulation education in PT programs across the USA.

Recent graduates of PT programs are often exposed to high velocity, low amplitude thrust techniques, alongside goniometry, manual muscle testing, exercise prescription and standard PT clinical practice.  But in 1996, HVLAT manipulation is not taught or accepted universally.  Consultants from the APTA Orthopedic section, APTA Education section and AAOMPT create the Manipulation Education Manual, which is a stepping stone to help integrate manipulation education into graduate and undergraduate programs.  A national plan was formulated to protect our organization or profession from outside entities.

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